An estimated 80 percent of American adults have some form of gum disease. Periodontics is used for treatment and prevention of such diseases. Periodontal disease, better known as gum disease, is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting your teeth. It develops when plaque accumulates along your gum line, causing your gums to become inflamed. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. In this stage, the gums redden, swell, and bleed easily, although there is usually little to no discomfort with gingivitis. Plaque buildup is the primary cause of gum disease. If plaque isn’t removed each day by brushing and flossing, it hardens. The hard plaque, known as tartar, contains bacteria that can irritate gums and break down the fibers that hold the gums tightly to the teeth, creating periodontal pockets that fill with bacteria. This can lead to severe infection, pain, and swelling.
In the early stages of gum disease, most treatments involve a special cleaning, referred to as scaling and root planing. Scaling involves scraping off the tartar from above and below your gum line. Root planing gets rid of rough spots on your tooth root where germs gather, and helps remove bacteria from your mouth. Dr. Popescu also may prescribe special mouthwashes or topical treatments. Lasers also can be used to provide fast and minimally-invasive gum disease treatment.
Removing plaque through daily brushing and flossing and visiting Bestcare Dental twice a year for cleanings are the best ways to minimize your risk of gum disease.